BARROW, JOHN D. / Astronomy / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research


Astronomy / BARROW, JOHN D.


Gresham Professor of Astronomy at the Department of Applied Mathematics & Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge University, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA.

Research interests

Cosmology and particle physics: quantum cosmological models, the inflationary universe, large-scale structure, the microwave background, galaxy formation, dark matter candidates and the detection of non-baryonic dark matter particles.

Anisotropic and inhomogeneous cosmological models: explaining the isotropy of the universe, primordial black hole formation, cosmological gravity waves, statistical and pattern recognition measures of galaxy clustering.

Cosmological aspects of gravitation theories: higher-order lagrangian theories of gravity, scalar-tensor gravity theories, implications for inflation, chaotic behaviour in the general solutions of general relativity and other gravity theories, observational restrictions on the possible variation of 'constants' of Nature.

Aspects of the history and philosophy of science touching upon developments in astronomy, cosmology, fundamental physics and mathematics.

Prizes and awards

Durham University Mathematical Prize 1973.
Durham University Prize 1974.
Collingwood Mathematical Prize (Durham University and London Mathematical Society) 1974.
Johnson Memorial Prize (Oxford University) 1975.
Wallace Research Prize (Oxford University) 1977.
Lindemann Fellowship of the English Speaking Union of the Commonwealth 1977.
Junior Research Lectureship, Christ Church, Oxford 1977.
Gravity Prize (5th), Gravity Foundation Awards 1979.
Miller Fellowship, University of California at Berkeley 1980.
Gravity Prize (3rd), Gravity Foundation Awards 1981.
Nominated for the Bhappu Prize of the International Astronomical Union by the Council of the Royal Astronomical Society 1986/7.
Nuffield Foundation Science Fellowship 1986/87.
Samuel Locker Award in Astronomy 1989.
Gravity Prize (4th), Gravity Foundation Awards 1993.
Royal Society Leverhulme Senior Fellowship 1992/3.
PPARC Senior Fellowship (5 years) 1994-9
Templeton Award 1995.
Gravity Prize (5th), Gravity Foundation Awards 1997.
Gordon Godfrey Visiting Professor of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 1998.
Kelvin Medal, Royal Glasgow Philosophical Society, 1999.
Wellcome Sci-art 2000 Award, 2000
Gordon Godfrey Visiting Professor, University of New South Wales, Sydney, December 2000.
Italian Theatre Awards, Premi Ubu 2002 Prize for best play (awarded for Infinities).
Gresham Professor of Astronomy, Gresham College, 2003.
Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, 2003.
Templeton Prize for progress in science and religion, 2006.


The Isotropy of Compact Universes, 2001. Class. Quantum Gravity, 18, 1753-66 (with H. Kodama)

The Big, the Small, and the In-between, 2001Project Syndicate J. Rose

How Chaos Co-exists with Order, 2001. In Issues in Science and Theology, ESSSAT Proceedings, Lyons, ed N. Gregersen, T & T Clark, London and Eerdmans, NY.

Further Evidence for Cosmological Evolution of the Fine Structure Constant, 2001. Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 091301(with J. K.Webb, M. Murphy, V. Flambaum, V. Dzuba, C. Churchill, J. Prochaska, & A. Wolfe).

The Far, Far Future, 2001. Proceedings Pontifical Academy, ed., G.F.R. Ellis, Templeton Foundation Press, Radnor.

Time in the Universe -- a Traveller's Guide, 2002. Il Tempo Tra Scienza e Filosofia, Proc. Varenna conference 'The Faces of Time', Sept 25-28th 2000, ed. G. Giorello, E. Sindoni & C. Sinigaglia, edizioni Unicopli, Milan, pp.25-32.

Bianchi VIII Empty Futures, 2001. Class Quantum Gravity 18, 1-14 (with Y. Gaspar)

Cosmological Evolution of Black Holes in Brans-Dicke Gravity, 2001. Class. Quantum Gravity 18, 4717-23 (with N. Sakai)

All Universes Great and Small, 2001. Int. J Mod. Phys D 10 785-790 (with H. Kodama)

Is a good long jumper a good high jumper?, 2001. American Journal of Physics 69, 105-6.

Scaling Solutions and Reconstruction of Scalar Field Potentials, 2001. Phys. Rev. D 64, 127301 (with C. Rubano)

How Mother Nature makes a super Father Time tick, 2001. THES No.1501, 24th August, p. 18-19

Why is the Universe Mathematical? 2001. In Frontiers of Life, vol I The Origins of Life, pp. 125-138, Academic Press, NY.

A simple varying-alpha cosmology, 2002. Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 031302 (with H.B. Sandvik & J. Magueijo).

A non-constructive proof, Mathematical Digest 124, 9 (2001)

Kaluza-Klein Anisotropy in the CMB, 2002. Phys. Lett B. 532, 153-158 (with R. Maartens).

Magnetic Brane-worlds, 2001. Class. Quantum Gravity 19, 155-172 (with S. Hervik)

The Behaviour of varying-alpha cosmologies, 2002. Phys. Rev. D 65, 063504 (with H. Sandvik and J. Magueijo)

Anthropic reasons for non-zero flatness and D , 2002. Phys Rev. D 65, 123501, (with H. Sandvik and J. Magueijo)

Variations of Alpha in Space and Time, 2002. Phys. Rev. D 66, 043515 (with J. Magueijo and H. Sandvik)

Evolution of Black Holes in Brans-Dicke Gravity, 2001. (with N. Sakai), Proc. 10th Workshop on

General Relativity and Cosmology, Osaka, Sept. 2000 (gr-qc/0012067).

Viaggiare nel Tempo?, 2001. In Figli di Crono, ed. C. Martini, Cortina, Milan, pp. 51-68.

Is it e or is it c ? Experimental Tests of Varying Alpha, 2002. Phys Lett. B 549, 284-9 (with J. Magueijo and H. Sandvik).

A Cosmological Tale of Two Varying Constants, 2002. Phys. Lett. B 541, 201-10 (with J. Magueijo and H. Sandvik).

Domande senza risposta, 2002. In Matematica e cultura, ed. M. Emmer, Springer-Verlag, Milan, pp. 13-26.

Small-scale microwave background anisotropies due to tangled primordial magnetic fields, 2002. MNRAS 335, L57-61 (with K. Subramanian).

Cosmology -- A Matter of All and Nothing, 2002. Astronomy and Geophysics, 43 (4) 8-15.

The Weyl Tensor in Spatially Homogeneous Cosmological Models, 2002. Class. Quantum Gravity, 19, 5173-5193 (with S. Hervik).

Qualitative Analysis of Universes with Varying Alpha, 2002. Class. Quantum Gravity, 19, 6197-6212 (with D.F. Mota)

Infinities: Vivere in eterno, 2002. La Rivista del Libri, No. 7/8, p 11-13.

De la science des limites et les limites de science, 2002. In La complexité, vertiges et promesses: Dix-huit histoires de sciences d'aujourd'hui, ed. Réda Benkirane, chap XV, pp.311-328, Editions Le Pommier, Paris (2002).

Enigma variations, 2002. New Scientist 7th Sept. No. 2359, pp. 30-33.

Das Leben im Universum: gross, klein und komplex, 2002. In S.E.T.I.: die Suche nach dem Ausserirdischen, ed T.D. Wabbel, Beustverlag, Munich, pp. 37-52.

What is Time? 2002. In Big Questions in Science, ed. H. Swain, J. Cape, London, pp. 21-32.

Constants and Variations: from alpha to omega, 2003. Astrophysics and Space Sci. 283, 645-660. Plenary Talk. Proc. of JENAM 2002 Worshop on

Variation of Fundamental Constants, Porto, Sept. 2002 also published in C.J.A.P. Martins, The Cosmology of Extra Dimensions and Varying Fundamental Constants, Kluwer, Dordrecht, (2003), pp. 207-222.

Changing Alpha: some matters of gravity, 2002. Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 11, 1615-9 (with J. Magueijo and H. Sandvik).

Unusual Features of Varying Speed of Light Cosmologies, 2003. Phys. Lett. B 564, 1-7.

Gauge-invariant Perturbations of Varying-alpha Cosmologies, 2003. Class. Quantum Gravity 20, 2045-2062 (with D.F. Mota).

More Ado About Nothing, 2003. Proc. Varenna School ed. E. Sindoni & G. Giorello in press
The Stability of the Einstein Static Universe, 2003. Class. Quantum Gravity 20, L155-L164 (with G.F.R. Ellis, R. Maartens & C. Tsagas).

The Future of Tilted Universes of Bianchi Type, 2003. Class. Quantum Gravity, 20, 2841-2854 (with S. Hervik)

Small-scale CMB Polarisation Anistropies due to Tangled Primordial Magnetic Fields, 2003. Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. submitted (with K. Subramanian and T.R. Seshadri)

Indefinite Information Processing in Ever-expanding Universes, 2003. Phys. Lett. B in press (with S. Hervik)

A Test of a Test for Chaos, 2003. Phys. Rev. E submitted (with J. Levin)

The Copernican Principle in Compact Spacetimes, 2003. Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., submitted (with J. Levin).

Quasi-spherical Gravitational Collapse in Any Dimension, 2003. Gen. Rel. Gravitation, submitted (with U. Debnath and S. Chakraborty)
Glitch, 2003. New Scientist, 7th June issue, pp. 44-5.

Varying Alpha in a More Realistic Universe, 2003. Phys. Rev. Lett., submitted (with D.F. Mota)

Books :

The Left Hand of Creation: The Origin and Evolution of the Expanding Universe, 1983. Pp.256. Basic Books, New York and Heinemann, London (with J Silk); paperback eds by Allen & Unwin, London and basic Bk., NY; 2nd enlarged edition 1995, pp 262, publ. Oxford UP, NY and Penguin, London) and various languages.

L'Homme et le Cosmos, 1984. Pp. 113, Radio France Imago, Paris (with F J Tipler).

The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, 1986. Pp. 706, Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York (with F J Tipler), 2nd edn. 1996.

The World Within the World, 1988. Pp. 398, Oxford University Press, London and NY, hard and paper; 2nd edn 1995 and various languages.

Theories of Everything: The Quest for Ultimate Explanation, 1991. Pp. 223, Oxford University Press, London and NY, and various languages. Paperback edns by Vintage, London and Ballantine, NY.

Pi in the Sky: Counting, Thinking and Being, 1992. Pp. 317, Oxford University Press, London and NY, and various languages. Paperback edns by Penguin, London and Little Brown, NY.

Perche il Mondo e Matematico?, 1992. Pp. 108, (1991 Sigma-Tau-Laterza Lectures) Laterza , Rome and various languages.

The Origin of the Universe, 1993. Pp. 150, Basic Books, NY and Orion, London (and 27 languages).

The Artful Universe, 1995. Pp. 274, Oxford University Press, London and NY and various languages. Paperback eds by Penguin, London and Little Brown, NY.

Impossibility: the limits of science and the science of limits, 1998. Oxford U.P., Oxford and NY. Pp. 279 and various languages.

Between Inner Space and Outer Space, 1999. Oxford U.P., Pp. 274 + various languages.

The Universe that Discovered Itself, 2000. Oxford U.P. , London and New York, pp. 448.

The Book of Nothing, 2000. Jonathan Cape London & Pantheon NY (2001) + various languages .

Infinities, 2002. Editizione Piccolo Teatro di Milano, Milan in Italian, pp. 94.

The Constants of Nature: From Alpha to Omega, 2002. Jonathan Cape, London and 2003 Pantheon NY, pp. 353.

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